火热的全球经济下人力资源应该如何适应？The Red Hot Global Economy: How Should HR Adapt?
我最近访问的一家客户是一家全球性医疗保健公司，他们的主要领导差距之一是波克棋牌下载“科学和临床领导者”。这些人不一定会成为首席执行官，但他们对业务至关重要 - 所以他们需要定期晋升，薪金审查和流动性。数字专家，分析专家，网络安全专家和其他需求技术人员属于同一类别。
让我们都在这里享受美好时光。是的，这个就业市场造成了很大的压力，但如果你专注于赋权，波克棋牌下载和引人入胜的核心 - 你的组织就能蓬勃波克棋牌下载。现在云层已经在地平线上了，所以我们享受阳光。
现在我认为公司必须每六个月刷新一次奖励计划。每年的速度不够快。我曾经和那些给波克棋牌app下载半年一次审查和加薪的公司谈过，即使这在某些情况下可能还不够。我们刚刚完成的研究表明，每年不止一次重新访问薪水和奖金的公司表现优于仅每年审核报酬的公司。并确保您的透明度：现在公布大量薪酬信息 - 所以您应该公布您的薪金基准，让波克棋牌app下载充分披露您是否支付高于或低于平均水平（当然有充分的理由）。
今年是2018年，采用微型学习策略的一年，更新您的LMS和工具，并深入了解“工作流程中的学习”的概念。我很快就会写更多内容 - 但让我提醒你，当人们觉得自己“没有学习”时，他们会离开公司。你可以解决这个问题。我们最近调查的公司中超过50％告诉我们，他们正在增加L＆D平台的预算。是时候了。顺便说一下，开始制定一个更好的职业管理工具的战略 - 这是人力资源技术中最热门的新部分，它将成为您工作未来自动化，人工智能和工作变革的保险。
让首席执行官知道人才稀少 - 他或她会真正关心。如果您需要聘用更多招聘人员，投资新的开发计划，或从根本上改变工作模式以适应，您需要他们的帮助才能迅速动员。在竞争激烈的时期，首席执行官希望尽其所能帮助，所以要抓住机遇。（2018年会议委员会首席执行官研究称“缺乏关键技能”成为今天的首要业务挑战。）
关于作者：Josh Bersin是Deloitte，Deloitte Consulting LLP?的创始人和负责人??，Deloitte Consulting LLP是一家领先的研究和咨询公司，专注于企业领导力，人才，学习以及工作与生活的交叉。
We are living in interesting times. For the first time in decades the entire global economy is growing. Unemployment rates are reaching a 30 year low, salaries are beginning to rise, and employers are competing heavily for a new set of skills. (“Machine learning skills” are now the hottest according to LinkedIn, a job that has increased in demand by almost 10 times in the last five years.)
We see lots of evidence that the job market is red hot. According to a recent study by ADP, almost 5% of the US workforce now changes jobs every month, and 60% of this is voluntary. Why are people changing jobs? The ADP research, which studied more than 14 million employees, says the #1 issue is salary. People are finding higher paid positions so they move.
While this is all good for the economy, it will be increasingly hard on employers. As I remember during the year 2000 "dot-com" time (and later crash), during these periods of high employment the job market becomes hyper-competitive, salaries go up, and employers have to work harder to attract skilled people. As the chart below shows, this is what is happening now. We are nearing an unemployment rate not seen since the Korean War.
Fig 1: Unemployment Rate Near Record Low
CEOs Feel the Pinch
This issue has now reached the board room. The latest Conference Board CEO research shows that “finding and retaining talent” is now the #1 issue on the mind of CEOs. Executives are worried about organizational skills, their leadership pipeline, retention and engagement, and their employment brand. And people with in-demand skills (e.g. engineers, specialists, sales people, etc.) are starting to behave like movie stars: lobbying for high salaries, comparing employers against each other, and expecting companies to continuously improve the work experience.
I just attended a top 200 leadership event for a large global company and the #1 topic on peoples minds were how to attract more high-potentials into the company, grow the leadership pipeline, and plan for skill and job changes as automation changes work. The CEO personally asked each and every manager to "take responsibility for building your leadership pipeline."
The Pressure Is On for HR
We in HR are on the hook to deal with this issue. The topics of employment brand, employee engagement, and the employee experience are being discussed in every HR department. One of our global clients has embarked on a project to develop "employee personas" for all their 100,000+ people, all with the intention to learn how to understand and improve their work experience at every level in the company.
And these things matter. If your company is not well respected or has low ratings on social media websites, you are now finding it harder and harder to recruit. And while business may be good, it may be better somewhere else. Sales people, engineers, scientists, products specialists, and even entry level employees tend to move to faster growing companies, often leaving troubled companies in waves.
This economic environment is forcing us to change the priorities in HR. In today's economy I encourage HR teams to focus on productivity, engagement, and retention and it's now time to look carefully at your rewards and fringe benefits. Most companies are now building programs for well-being, they are modernizing the work environment, and many have implemented programs like free lunch, free dinner, free laundry, and free gym and exercise programs. Here in Silicon Valley, there has been an escalating war for employee benefits for years. If you don’t offer people a gourmet breakfast, lunch, (and often dinner) you simply cannot attract engineers. People consider these benefits a part of their compensation, and they compare the cost of food in their job offers.
I’ve been through several of these economic cycles in my career, and my experience shows that while many employees stay where they are, high-potentials, people in revenue-generating roles, and experienced leaders have lots of opportunities, so we have to watch them closely.
Move People Faster. Broaden Your Definition of Potential.
There are many things to think about in an economy like this. One is to rethink your traditional succession management program and find a way to offer growth and progression on a more continuous basis. Just like we have been implementing continuous performance management, organizations now need to offer more regular promotions (one company I met with offers "half-level promotions" twice per year), more developmental assignments, and more opportunities to learn than ever before.
In the past we sat down once a year and tried to figure out who our few "high-potentials" (HIPO) were. Today I'd suggest you re-engineer that entire process, so everyone can benefit from growth on a regular basis.
Here is a suggestion how. In the past we always defined a HIPO as someone who could "move up two levels in the company." Today I'd suggest there are at least three types of leadership we want to recognize:
Business leadership: people who can "run a business" or drive a P&L
Technical leadership: people who are technical experts or can lead technical teams
Team or Project leadership: people who can lead projects, initiatives, and programs.
This greatly broadens your leadership pipeline, and gives nearly everyone an opportunity to grow and aspire to a more responsible, rewarding position.
Fig 2: Three Types of Leaders Demand Expanded Succession Grids
A client I recently visited is a global healthcare company, and one of their key leadership gaps is developing "scientific and clinical leaders." These are not necessarily people who would become the CEO, but they are critical to the business - so they warrant regular promotion, salary review, and mobility. Digital experts, analytics experts, cyber security experts, and other in-demand technical people are in the same category.
Deliver Learning In The Flow Of Work
If you can't promote people regularly, remember that an enormous driver of retention is an employee's "ability to learn." Even when promotions are hard to find, people are engaged when they feel that "this job is really taking me someplace." This is a problem of creating a learning environment, building a growth mindset in leaders, and giving people a culture of learning regardless of their role.
While L&D has been a troubled profession for the last few years (we found a negative net-promoter rating in 2017), I"m happy to say that now it is relatively easy to address this. This is the year to invest in micro-learning, learning experience platforms, self-authored content, video-learning, and all the cultural aspects of learning we have been talking about for decades. And you can actually deliver learning "in the flow of work," making it more relevant and consumable than ever. (You can view my presentation on this below.)
Is HR ready for this? I believe so.
Over the last year I have been meeting with some of the most iconic companies in the world, and their HR teams are adapting. Today they are focused on career management, the employee experience, more innovative rewards programs, and all sorts of interesting learning, digital productivity and well-being strategies.
Let’s all enjoy the good times while they’re here. Yes this job market creates a lot of stress, but if you focus on the core of empowering, developing, and engaging people – your organization can thrive. The clouds are out on the horizon for now, so let’s enjoy the sun.
Five HR strategies for a hot economy.
1.?????Focus on employment brand.
Understand and study how candidates view your company ,and bring this information back to your CEO and top business leaders so you can push your management to improve culture, engagement, and the work environment. Today you can use Glassdoor, LinkedIn, your own engagement surveys, pulse surveys, stay interviews, anonymous surveys, and lots of other listening devices to know how you are perceived in the market. You should apply for "best places to work" awards wherever possible, which will also up your game and push you to make the work experience better.
2.?????Keep salaries and benefits current.
Right now I believe companies have to refresh their rewards programs every six months. Annually is just not fast enough. I’ve talked with companies that give employees reviews and raises semi-annually and even this may not be enough in some cases.?We just completed research that shows that companies that revisit salaries and bonus more than once per year outperform those that only review compensation annually. And make sure you are transparent: a tremendous amount of compensation information is now public – so you should publish your salary benchmarks against peers, giving employees full disclosure about whether you are paying above or below average (with good justification of course).
3.?????Get a team focused on understanding the employee journey, and focus on the end to end employee experience.
This means everything from candidate to new hire to first day, first month, first quarter, first year, first promotion, and on. The concepts of design thinking are well understood now, so you need to use them to build a digital-enabled experience that helps people thrive throughout their career. The best place to start is with a high turnover employee group (ie. often first year retail employees) so you can get a good design thinking project under your belt. Then once you get good at it you can create employee journeys for various job transitions and look at ways to make them better. At Deloitte we call this "moments that matter."
4.?????Re-engineer your L&D strategy.
This year, 2018, is the year to adopt a micro-learning strategy, refresh your LMS and tools, and get behind the concepts of “learning in the flow of work.” I’ll be writing a lot more on this soon – but let me remind you, people leave companies when they feel they are “not learning.” You can fix this. More than 50% of the companies we recently surveyed told us they are increasing budget for L&D platforms. It's time. And by the way, start building a strategy for better career management tools too - this is the hottest new segment in HR technology and it will become your insurance for automation, AI, and job changes from the future of work.
5.?????Keep the CEO and senior leadership informed.
Get your analytics program in shape and make sure you know where skills, leadership, engagement, and retention gaps are high. Let the CEO know where talent is thin - he or she will really care. You will need their help to mobilize quickly if you need to hire more recruiters, invest in a new development program, or radically change job models to adapt. In times of competitive growth CEOs want to do everything they can to help, so take advantage of the opportunity. (Conference Board 2018 CEO study cited "lack of critical skills" as the #1 business challenge today.)
Bottom Line: It's time to adjust your HR strategies to deal with the competitive, skills-centric market ahead. Tune up your recruitment, focus on driving an inclusive and generationally diverse culture, and make sure you have your career management and learning on the front burner. Nobody knows how long this economic boom will last, but for now there's a war for talent, and we have to arm ourselves to deal with it.
About the Author: Josh Bersin is the founder and Principal of?Bersin by Deloitte, Deloitte Consulting LLP, a leading research and advisory firm focused on corporate leadership, talent, learning, and the intersection between work and life.
Josh is a published author on Forbes, a LinkedIn Influencer, and has appeared on Bloomberg, NPR, and the Wall Street Journal, and speaks at industry conferences and to corporate HR departments around the world.